Links to dances on other pages
|A1:||Middle couple set right and left; cast right shoulder round one person. Half reels of three across the set, middles passing left shoulder with that person's partner.|
|A2:||Middle couple set to each other (facing up and down); cast right shoulder round the same person (all now in partner's place). Half reels of three up and down the set, middles passing left shoulder with the person at the other end.|
|B:||[1-4] Middles out to your right, circle left with this couple and let go with your left hand to break to lines of three up and down (2nd man at the top on the men's side with 1st lady and 1st man below him).|
|[5-8] All back-to-back with opposite (new partner).|
|A3:||Circle 6 left and right.|
Men are now 2, 3, 1; ladies are 3, 1, 2. Repeat the dance twice more, with a new partner each time. If you'd like to lead the figure with your original partner, first and third men need to switch places before the dance starts.
It's pronounced Doo-NANT, with the emphasis on the second syllable, not DUNNant as some people think. Henri Dunant was a Frenchman, so he would have pronounced it Doo-NON, but the house is in the Netherlands. See the section on Composing Dances for the full story of how it came to be written.
|A:||(16 bars): Ones lead down, inside hands joined (2 waltz steps), turn in to face up and fall back. Lead up past the threes, separate, behind the twos, home.|
|First lady, third man cross giving right hands; do a wide loop right one place to finish in the middle improper but well out from the set while the others take neighbour's hand, set; Petronella in tandem to finish with men at the bottom, ladies at the top. The same from these places, finishing with the third man at the top and the first lady at the bottom on the centre line, the others improper.|
|B:||(16 bars): All join hands: balance in and out; circle left home (4 bars); set in side lines.|
|Top two couples lead down through and cast up [2, 1, 3]. Bottom two couples lead up and cast down [2, 3, 1].|
Bruce Hamilton writes:
The Dunsmuir Estate in Oakland, California, used to host a Highland Games, and The Dunsmuir Dancers, a Bay Area demonstration team, is named for it. John Drewry wrote The Dunsmuir Strathspey as a gift to them when he visited. Its novel, yet simple, final figure caught my eye, but as a strathspey the dance felt earthbound. I thought that if it were a waltz the dancers would be able to 'cut the rope' and soar. I made minimal changes in transliterating the dance, and got John's permission to use this name. I tried the dance with several tunes, and when Kathy Talvitie used this one at an Ann Arbor weekend, it felt right.
Since soaring is the dance's raison d'être, dancers should take every opportunity to do that. Pick a tempo slow enough for big steps, around 112. Go all the way through the next set in A:1-4. If space permits, cross your set on bar 9 and continue straight for another 10-12 feet before looping right on 11-12. Similarly on 13-16, and finish 6 feet above/below the set so you can accelerate into the balance in. The rest of the dance is necessarily more contained.
When John taught the strathspey he had the leaders in B:9-11 stay outside the set line until the dancer following has cleared the standing person. That way they can 'cover' as they come into the set lines on bar 12. Similarly for B:13-16. This is hard at waltz speed, but worth trying for.
See John Drewry's original dance “The Dunsmuir Strathspey”.
“Petronella in Tandem” is a turn single right while moving to the right, without overtaking.
|A1:||(16 bars): Ones right-hand turn, cast to middle place (twos lead up) and pass each other left shoulder to face first corner (7 bars). Step right (1 bar) and…|
|Honour, step left and honour, turn single left ¾ to finish improper in middle place. Left-hand turn partner a little more than once around to finish in the middle of the set facing second corners (the man facing diagonally up to the top lady, the lady facing diagonally down to the bottom man).|
|A2:||Pass second corners right shoulder: half a diagonal reel, then as the ones pass each other left shoulder they veer left to face first corner (the other opposite-sex person). Three changes of a diagonal reel starting right shoulder, to finish with the corners in each other's places, the first man at the bottom between the twos and the first lady at the top between the threes (3 bars). Ones step right (1 bar) and…|
|Honour, step left and honour, turn single left ¾ and… Loop left shoulder round right-hand same-sex neighbour to middle place: 3, 1, 2 all improper facing partner (3 bars). Ones cross left and turn left while the others turn single left ¾ (1 bar).|
|B1:||(16 bars): All single file anti-clockwise half-way to 2,1 improper, 3. Lines of three fall back a double; lead forward.|
|Middles (ones) move out to your own right and circle left with this couple, then the ones break with your left hand and draw the line up or down (5 bars). All pass through with opposite and stay facing out (2 bars). Turn single left ¾ (1 bar).|
|B2:||All single file clockwise half-way to 3L 1M, 3M 2L,1L 2M. Lines of three fall back a double; lead forward.|
|Middles (2nd lady and 3rd man) move out to your own right and circle left with these two people, then the leaders break with your left hand and draw the line up or down (5 bars). Ones in middle place two-hand turn half-way to your own side and fall back (3 bars).|
Written for Malcolm and Barbara Shaffer on the arrival of their second grandchild. I knew I'd got the music right the first time Barbara heard it, when she came up to me and said: “That's gorgeous. What is it? It sounds Jewish”.
The turn single left ¾ needs to be energetic — it's only one bar (three steps). People have great difficulty with the timing of this dance. There are six places where the musical phrase starts on bar 8 rather than bar 1, and each time there is a rising or falling three-note sequence for the step and honour or the turn single left three-quarters. But people tend to think in 8-bar phrases rather than actually listening to the musical phrase. I wrote the tune first, and usually I'm careful not to write a three-beat upbeat. I've had arguments with Andrew Shaw about “Sally in out Alley”, for instance — he thinks people should start to move on the upbeat bar and I think they should wait until bar 1 proper. But having written this tune, I had to write a dance which would fit it, which meant putting in movements which start at odd places and on the left foot (though Barbara says mentioning the feet only confuses people).
Barbara and Malcolm also said, “the half diagonal heys are one continuous flowing move, which should lead directly into the second honours and the cast to 2nd place improper. Again the ones crossing just flows from the cast and it is difficult to get the other dancers to time their turn single in order to flow into circle anti-clockwise half-way.”
I would say that if they're listening for the rising three notes at the start of the musical phrase they should be able to do it. It should be a case of the music telling you!
Their conclusion was, “In short, the whole dance just flows for the first couple, but you need the others to be aware of the importance of their timing. Good dancers should very quickly be able to dance it without a call, because it is a dance that rewards a bit of effort to learn it.”
I hope they're right.Twos improper
|A:||Twos face up: half a Grimstock hey (12 steps, finishing 3, 2, 1). At the bottom: ladies cross (second and first ladies, on the diagonal); men cross (all right shoulder).|
|B1:||Tops (threes) cross down through the middles and go down the outside to the bottom, the others moving up. All circle left 4 places, to finish opposite your shadow.|
|B2:||The same (led by the same third man, this time with the second lady). The same, to finish opposite your partner.|
I've loved this tune for years — long before I met my Polish wife Renata. My father travelled abroad a lot on business, and he brought back recordings of music from many countries, including an LP of Polish Folk Music. I'd been meaning to write a dance to this tune for some years, and while I was staying with Susan Murrow in the States I had a go. I wanted B1 and B2 to have the same moves, since they're the same music, and I had an idea of a three-couple set with the middles improper circling four places round. Unfortunately I had started the A part with moves which made this totally impossible, so I struggled with it for a couple of hours and eventually gave up. Back in England I scrapped the A part and wrote the dance in about five minutes!
A Grimstock hey is what they call in the States a mirror hey (because they don't know the dance Grimstock) and in Scottish reflection reels or mirror reels. I could argue that a Morris hey is also a mirror hey. On the other hand, Americans could argue that there are three different heys in Grimstock!
|A1:||Join hands in lines, set; star through with partner [Man's right hand to lady's left, rotate with the lady going under the arch to finish facing down, inside hands joined]. Bottom couple wheel left, middle couple wheel right, top couple lead down the centre and California twirl to make circle of 6 (alternating man, lady).|
|A2:||Circle left (slip). Circle right.|
|B1:||All three ladies chain (pass partner and the next, chain out number three). And again — keep right hands joined, so the lady turns right to face this man.|
|B2:||Two changes of a grand chain (right and left). Swing partner back into the longways set — make sure the ones finish in middle position.|
|Progressed position is 3, 1, 2. Repeat twice more.|
First Prize in the Dance Search '86 Competition. The book says:
Geoff Todd is seen at many Folk Festivals around the country. He first came to English Folk Dancing in Paris several years back, when he had a good head of hair. At times he has called, played fiddle (badly) and danced. He has written a book: “In House Dances”, published by the Friends of Cecil Sharp House.
|A:||Ones give two hands: balance forward and back; let go with outside hand and star through. Ones and twos the same.|
|B:||Join hands in lines of three and fall back two waltz steps; lead forward. Do-si-do partner.|
|C:||Circle left. Circle right.|
|D:||(12 bars): Ones (in middle place) cross; cast up to top. Lead to the bottom, acknowledging each couple as you pass them (threes move up). All two-hand turn.|
For Lucy Ward, who has known me all her life. First danced at the ceilidh following her wedding to Alex Dickson, 4th August 2007, with music from Folkus Pocus. Lucy had trouble with the Star Through because she needed one hand to hold up the train of her wedding dress! I suspect many bands wouldn't be able to play it well, so I seldom call it.
“Star Through”: Man let go with left hand; lady let go with right hand. (In this dance it's easier to describe it as “Let go with your outside hand”.) Raise your joined hands and both move forward, the lady going under the arch, to finish in each other's places standing side-by-side. Star Through is not only a change position move but a change direction move.
Format: 3 couples longways, Twos Improper
|A1:||Join hands in lines, go forward and back. Men swing the lady below (leaving top lady, bottom man spare), finish facing out.|
|A2:||They lead away (go round a couple from the next set), wheel around and lead back, while the bottom man (the New Man of the title) seizes his chance to swing the top lady, and they lead up and wheel around.|
|B1:||Circle left (slip). Circle right, making sure the New Man and his current partner finish at the top.|
|B2:||Grand chain all the way round.|
|C1:||Promenade with the same person, and when the new man and his lady reach the bottom they promenade up the middle followed by the others, back into a longways set.|
|C2:||Top couple long cast to middle place. Half figure eight down through the bottom couple to finish improper, ready for the next turn of the dance.|
|Progressed position is 2M+3L, 1L+3M, 1M+2L.|
Written for the wedding of Sian Morgan and Peter Gillam (with Chris Dewhurst playing the organ for the service at Castle Church, Stafford), and called by Joe Hodgson at the wedding ceilidh, 19th December 1987, with Alterations providing the music.
The music appears in the Cloverleaf Collection, Book 2, along with many other excellent country dance tunes composed by Chris Dewhurst.
|A1:||Ones right-forearm turn 1½ (or 2½) with a step-hop. Ones left-forearm turn neighbour 1½ or 2½.|
|A2:||Right-hand star for six (1-2-3-hop). Back with the left.|
|B1:||In lines, four chassées diagonally right into one long line; four diagonally left (finishing with back to partner). Four diagonally backwards left (into one long line); four diagonally backwards right.|
|B2:||Circle left half-way. All cross-hand swing, finishing on original side.|
Progressed position is 3, 1, 2.
I was lying in my tent at a Folk Camp at Northbourne in Kent when Barbara Bradford walked past and challenged me to write a hornpipe dance called “Northbourne Hop” — because of the association between Kent and hops. I wrote this dance in four minutes — my record so far!
|A1:||Join hands in lines, 4 slips left; 4 right. Circle of six slip right once around.|
|A2:||Lines slip right; slip left. Circle left. [Note: Keep these small.]|
|B1:||Right-hand turn partner. Left-hand turn partner.|
|B2:||Top man cast to the bottom, other men move up. All swing new partner.|
|Repeat the dance five more times, but on alternate times the bottom lady casts up in B2 instead of the top man casting down.|
|A1:||Ladies cast right shoulder behind your partner and dance left shoulder all the way round your left-hand man to finish on his right (12 steps).|
|A2:||Men cast left shoulder behind this lady and dance right shoulder all the way round your right-hand lady to finish on her left.|
|B1:||All six circle left (6 steps) and right.|
|B2:||Grand chain 4 hands (3 steps per change).|
|C1:||Do-si-do original partner 1½.|
|C2:||Swing the next (new partner) and men can cast her off to start the next turn of the dance.|
The tune is a good lively slip-jig and I just wanted to put a lively dance to it. Slip-jigs are tricky because you have a different number of steps (6 or 12) rather than the 8 you get with jigs and reels, but I think this one works!
Format: 3 couples longways.
Dance: Geoff Todd, 1994. Music: 32 bar jigs
|A1:||Circle left. Circle right.|
|A2:||Ladies right-hand star. Left-hand star.|
|B1:||Do-si-do corner. Swing (new partner).|
|B2:||Promenade anywhere, and find two more couples.|
I suggest that the first time you swing your original partner, and the last time you finish with a basket of 6. Most people eventually realise that you don't actually need three couples — but let them find this out for themselves!
Geoff Todd gave up calling some years ago — he said he was getting rusty and it was becoming a chore. His dance “Left, Right and Centre” won the Beckenham and Croydon Dance Club's “Dance Search” Competition in 1986 and appears in the Dance Search book.
This one was written in 1994 for Sheila Mainwearing on her retirement as a librarian. Sheila said it wasn't so much a retirement as having time to do the things she was really interested in, such as the excellent job she used to do booking (and looking after) bands and callers for Sidmouth Festival. Anyone who knew Sheila would tell you that she wasn't the least bit retiring!
Format: 3 couples longways.
Dance: Manchester University Dance Group, c. 1970.
Music: 3 x 32-bar rants.
|A1:||Middle couple stand still to act as posts, ends give right hands: First lady and third man dance a full figure of eight through the middles while their partners dance all the way round the outside (stepping).|
|A2:||Ends give left hands and do the reverse.|
|B1:||Ones lead to the bottom, the others come up the outside to invert the set. Threes (at the top) face down, make a single-hand arch and lead to the bottom, the others turn in and dance up to finish 2, 1, 3.|
|B2:||Twos dance anti-clockwise all the way round the outside while the others dance anti-clockwise one and a half times round each other to finish 2, 3, 1.|
|Norman and Denise Bearon have provided the following background information:|
|The dance is based on Sussex Bonny Breastknot and was composed by small group of us whilst at university one evening after going back to someone's flat because we were not prepared to pay 6s 6d to get into the local dance (poor students as we were!)|
|One of the group (a Mr. Peter Fox) then went and published it in English Dance and Song magazine under this name. At the time we were very upset with him over this because (a) he had not consulted any of us, nor credited anyone else and (b) although that title had been discussed we were concerned lest the real reason for the name became known and we did not want to upset the local District. We wanted to call it “Varsity Rant”|
|John Sweeney then gave me the dates:|
|It was published in the Winter-Christmas 1970 edition of EDS. The letter complaining about the lack of acknowledgement and the name of the dance was published in the Summer 1971 edition.|
|A:||Ones right-hand turn and then cast to middle place — the lady doesn't spin round, she just goes — as the twos lead up. Ones left-hand turn 1¼ to face first corner — the first man faces the third lady and the first lady faces the second man.|
|B:||Half diagonal hey for four. Ones with first corner gipsy right; with partner gipsy left ¾ to face second corner — the first man faces the second lady and the first lady faces the third man.|
|C:||Half diagonal hey for four. Ones with second corner gipsy right; with partner gipsy left to middle place on own side, which leaves the man facing down and the lady facing up.|
|D:||Ones right-hand star with this couple. All circle left half-way so that the ones are improper in middle place (3 waltz steps), then fall back in lines.|
|E:||Ones go to their left (again man down, lady up): left-hand star with the other couple. Ones cross (right shoulder) and cast to the bottom, threes wait for two measures and then lead up to second place.|
Dvořák is one of my favorite composers — I particularly love the New World Symphony and the Cello Concerto. Rusalka is a fairy-tale opera, and like many fairy-tales and most operas it's tragic, but this beautiful song is sung by the water sprite heroine before things start going badly wrong. I hope I've written a dance which fits the tune and will perhaps bring it to the ears of dancers who might not otherwise hear it. Musicians will be pleased to hear that I've transposed it from G♭ to G. I've given links to two versions of the music: the first is for solo instrument with piano accompaniment; the second is the usual melody line and chords. Please, if you're playing accompaniment, have a look at the piano version. The first part of the tune is in 3-bar phrases with a rest in the melody for the fourth bar, and the accompaniment fills out the fourth bar as Dvořák's orchestration intended.
David Millstone suggests that if you call to recorded music you could take Joshua Bell's beautiful instrumental version (hear it at www.youtube.
|A1:||Ones cross diagonally down through the set, pass between the 2nd and 3rd person of the opposite sex and dance a figure of eight around these two people back to the top.|
|A2:||Mirror heys (Ones still improper) and one extra change to bring ones to middle place.|
|B1:||Man up, lady down: right-hand star with this couple. Ones cross over, left-hand star with the other couple, again finish improper.|
|B2:||Ones half figure eight up through the twos. Ones and threes swing and change (just half-way) to progress.|
Repeat the whole dance twice more. Rant step except in the stars. Use plenty of space.
First published in English Dance and Song, Summer 1991. By then Maurice Dart had lived in Devon and Cornwall for 59 years, and danced there for 39 of them. He named this dance after the one common factor — the River Tamar.
|A1:||Right-hand star at the top. Left-hand star at the bottom while ones cast to bottom.|
|A2:||Right-hand star at the bottom (threes and ones). Left-hand star at the top (twos and threes).|
|B1:||Top four arch with neighbour, bottom couple (ones) lead up, separate, out through the nearer arch, meet at the top. Lead down, out through the same arch to the bottom.|
|B2:||Circle left. Circle right.|
|A1:||Men stand behind partners (optionally with hands on lady's waist): Shetland reel (reel of three with couples acting as a unit) started by the ones and twos passing right shoulder.|
|A2:||Ones and twos do-si-do opposite. Ones and threes do-si-do opposite.|
|B1:||Twos and threes do a ladies chain (there and back) while ones wait for the ladies to cross, then lead through the other couples and cast back to place.|
|B2:||Ones and twos right and left through [half]. Ones and threes right and left through [half].|
The second man must make sure he finishes the Shetland reel on his partner's left.
First published in English Dance and Song, Spring 1995. Elaine Beckingham comes from Sheffield and is a well-known and popular caller in that area. At that time she had been calling for about twenty years, and writes and calls dances in various styles — Playford, American and Ceilidh. She has called with “Airs and Graces” for twelve years; she has done evenings of her own dances at Whitby Festival (where I came across her some years ago) and Sidmouth. The formation of the dance is meant to represent Whitby with the East and West piers. Her view is that a good caller must be very aware of the audience. You're there for the dancers, not to show how good you are, and you need to remember that there was a time when you didn't know what the terms meant. She's also very keen that the dance should fit the music.
Ann Taylor from Wirral has pointed out that this is essentially the same as a Scottish dance called Indian River Strathspey devised by George Senyck from Florida and published in 2009. I don't know which came first.
|A1:||First long corners (top man and bottom woman) cross right into each other's places and loop left to finish on the outside of the set, in middle places, and form left-hand stars on each side while middle woman faces down and middle man faces up, move into the end places vacated by the active dancers, and form the left-hand stars, and top woman & bottom man wait, and form the stars on their own side. The stars move all the way round and finish in two lines of three, the actives moving forward into the middle of each line.|
|A2:||Second long corners (top woman and bottom man) cross left into each other's places and loop right, middle dancers following, to make right-hand stars on each side. Continue with mirror image of A1.|
|B1:||End dancers cross right shoulder and turn right while middle dancers turn single three-quarters (right shoulder back). All circle left one place (single file). All face partner for a long back-to-back (4 bars).|
|B2:||First couple meet and cast to the bottom (4 bars). Second and third couples wait (2 bars) and move up individually, and all face partners. Partners 'Hole in the Wall' cross and face, then step right and honour.|
|A1:||Lines forward and back. Back-to-back partner.|
|A2:||Two-hand turn partner. All circle left half-way.|
|B1/2:||Men (on the ladies' side) face down and dance two-thirds of a sheepskin hey, then the new leader leads the line around to face a new partner.|
|Alternate turns of the dance start improper, and the bottom lady leads the sheepskin hey.|
Bill came across a simple dance by Peggy Hazell called “The Tulip” which just had the men weaving round the ladies and back to their own partner. He decided he could do something more interesting and this is the result. “Angelique” is the name of a big double tulip — there it is on the right.
My thanks to John Sweeney for pointing out that I had the wrong sex leading the sheepskin hey. If you picked this dance up from here before February 2017 please correct your card!
For another dance with a partial sheepskin hey, see The Viking's Sheepskin on this page.
|A1:||Join hands in a circle of 6: set right only, slip left all the way (6 bars); in lines set right and left.|
|A2:||Ones and threes double figure eight round the twos: ones cast, threes cross up through the twos to start.|
|B1:||Middle man up, lady down: figure 8 through this couple.|
|B2:||At the top, right-hand star half-way; cross right with partner. At the bottom, left-hand star half-way; cross left with partner.|
First published in English Dance and Song, Autumn 1999. For information about Irene Crew and Barbara Walton, see The Countryman's HatEllen Taylor, 1987.
|A:||(16 bars): 1st couple set and cast to middle (2s move up). 1st couple set and cast to bottom (3s move up).|
|1st couple lead up through 3rd couple, who move down; 1st couple pass outside 2nd couple, who move down. 2nd couple cast back to top while 1st couple two-hand turn moving down to 2nd place.|
|B:||(16 bars): 1st couple go right (man down, woman up) for right-hand stars with this couple. 1st couple pass right shoulder into left-hand stars at the other end. Finish on own side, man facing down, woman up.|
|Right shoulder heys on own side (6 bars); 1st couple meet in middle and lead to bottom, while 3rd couple finish in middle place.|
|A1:||Ones cast to the bottom. Cast back to the top, followed by the threes and twos to invert the set.|
|A2:||Ones cross (quick), go below the next, cross to the bottom. Ones lead up to the top and cast to middle place.|
|B1:||Man down, lady up: Allemande right with first corner (a slow walk, once around, gazing at each other). Ones move straight up or down the set to allemande left ¾ with second corner till the ones are facing each other, then the ones gipsy left half-way to face out on the men's side with the lady on the right of her partner.|
|B2:||Lead out 4 steps through the men (swagger), on the last two raise your joined hands and turn away from each other to face back into the set; lead back to the middle with hands joined across your bodies. Lead through the ladies and unwind; the man draw his partner back to middle place.|
The original interpretation was by Tom Cook and was published in the sleeve notes of an LP by The Falconers called “Playford Style”, but it's been through the Folk Process since then and this is how I do it! (I haven't been to the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library to study the original book.) The threes and twos following the ones in A1 was added by Tom to convert the dance from triple minor to 3-couple reverse progression. The first half uses a one-two-three-hop, and in A2 there's very little time so make sure the hop is a push forward rather than a push upward. Then in B1 the dance slows down dramatically, and a lot of people just can't make the transition. Actually a lot of people can't do the allemande either! Link right elbows with your first corner, so your arm is flat against their back, not bent, then put your left hand behind your back and take the other person's spare hand. Corners, don't move forward to meet the ones: let them come to you. B2 also fools some people, and make sure you go well out through the ladies so that the man can actually draw his partner into second place rather than her being there already. I think there's a case for the caller demonstrating the whole dance! Musicians, make a contrast between the bouncy A-music and the smooth B1.
Barbara Segal — a historical dance teacher who knows a lot more about these things than I do — says it wouldn't have been a 1-2-3-hop, it would have been an allemande step: allemandes were all the rage then and this dance contains the allemande move. Tom said the B2 moves for the ones were also called an allemande — how confusing!Twos Improper
|A:||Twos cross left shoulder, loop left, round one to the middle of lines across, close together (12 steps). Lines fall back (3 steps), lead forward (3 steps); circle right half-way (6 steps) — drive the circle round.|
|B:||Twos cross right shoulder, loop right, round one to the middle of lines up and down. Lines fall back, lead forward; circle left half-way (home).|
|C:||All cross right shoulder with partner, turn right (6 steps); single file two places round the entire set, to 3L 2M, 3M 1L, 2L 1M. Back-to-back opposite (shadow), finishing well apart — ladies observe the man on your left.|
|D:||Ladies meet in the centre (R, L, R), step on the left foot and curtsey; cast right shoulder around the man on the left to finish opposite partner (12 steps); two-hand turn partner half-way (6).|
|Standard progression. It may help to note that A is all anti-clockwise and B is all clockwise. And if you look at your partner as you cross it should be obvious which way to go next.|
I've known Nigel and Celia Close and their daughters Victoria and Jenni for many years; Victoria says she can't remember a time when she didn't know me. They are all beautiful dancers and danced with Woodfidley, the best English Folk Dance team I have ever seen, for whom I put together several sequences of dances and wrote “The Buttercross”. I had long thought of writing a dance for them, but a dance for one man and three ladies seemed to have limited appeal. Then in 2008 Victoria married Dave Yeomans, becoming the flute and accordion duo “Deo Volente”, in 2012 Jenni married Dan Hall, and suddenly a three-couple dance was indicated.
I was planning to call it “Close Encounters”, but Fiona Birchall had already used this title for her dance for one man and three ladies dedicated to the Close family in “A Hampshire Garland”, 1998. Then I remembered that Nigel, Celia and Jenni sang in an excellent West Gallery choir called “Madding Crowd” and a better title occurred to me. First called at Eastbourne Folk Festival in May 2012 with music from Bare Necessities when only Nigel and Celia were present, but at Chippenham Folk Festival a few weeks later all six of them were on hand to demonstrate the dance.
Click the image on the right to watch a video of me calling it in the States in 2015.
|A1:||Face on the left diagonal: First man third lady dance half-way round outside of the set (clockwise) to each other's place, while the others set right and left; turn single right. All back-to-back with the opposite person, right shoulder.|
|A2:||Face on the right diagonal: First lady third man dance half-way round the outside of the set (anticlockwise), while the others set left and right; turn single left. All back-to-back with partner left shoulder.|
|B1:||Take hands in lines: fall back a double; lead forward a double. Hands-six, circle left half-way. [Now home but with twos improper.]|
|B2:||Twos face up: Half a Grimstock hey (ones lead through twos, threes through ones, twos through threes). Twos cast up to the top and two-hand turn half-way, threes two-hand turn moving down to middle place, ones at the bottom two-hand turn.|
Helpful note: At the start of A1 and A2, the first step of the diagonal set and turn single is on the inside foot.
Dance and Music: Trevor Monson, October 2004.
3 couple longways, 2's improper
|A||1-4||All back to back — 2's with 3's and 1's with partner,|
|5-8||1's long cast into middle place while 2's 2-hand turn ½ way & lead up to top while 3's set & turn single.|
|B1||1-4||1's go right for right-hand stars of 3 once round at each end, 1's finish facing their 1st corners for…|
|5-8||½ diagonal reel of 4 with 1st corners (passing right shoulder to start). 1's then pass right shoulder in the middle and face 2nd corners for…|
|B2||1-4||½ diagonal reel of 4 with 2nd corners (passing right shoulder to start). 1's finish in middle place improper for…|
|5-8||1's go right for right-hand stars of 3 at each end. (3 1 2 all improper)|
|C||1-4||Top 2 couples pot hook to change sides — 1st lady & 3rd man passing right to start and then 1st man & 3rd lady pass left|
|5-8||Bottom 2 couples pot hook to change sides — 1st & 2nd ladies passing right and then 1st & 2nd men pass left. (3 1 imp 2)|
This is the first tune Trevor has ever written. Keeping Thyme refused to play his F#dim chords, and Trevor admitted that he didn't understand chords at all! I have replaced them with something more feasible. He called the dance at my 60th birthday party dance (the “big LX”).
According to Wikipedia, BMX (an abbreviation for bicycle motocross) is a form of cycling on bikes, generally with 20 inch wheels. It originated in California in the 1970s, where teenagers imitated their motocross heroes on their pedal bicycles. I'm happy to say that I have never owned or ridden one.
The B part has a Scottish flavour and can be danced with a skip-change step provided you don't get ahead of the music!Ellen Taylor, 1977.
|A1:||1st couple set; cast to middle place (2nd couple move up). 1st couple lead through 3rd couple and cast back to middle place.|
|B1:||On the right diagonal set; turn single. 1st couple circle left with the couple on your right.|
|A2:||Heys across the set with this couple — 1st couple start left shoulder with opposite sex.|
|B2:||On the left diagonal set; turn single. 1st couple circle left with the couple on your left.|
|A3:||Heys across the set with this couple — 1st couple start right shoulder with opposite sex.|
|B3:||1st and 3rd couples three changes of a circular hey. All two-hand turn.|
Repeat twice more.
Both music and dance were composed in honour of the Morley College Folk Dance Club's Golden Jubilee, their dances being regularly held in the Emma Cons Hall at Morley College.
|A1:||(24 bar jig): First lady quick cast to middle place, end men step forward; set in a wave. Lady up: four changes of a hey for three, finishing with ones passing left shoulder — second man move down on the last four beats, third man loop left into top place.|
|Lady down, man up: heys for three across, lady starting right shoulder with second man, man starting right shoulder with second lady — twos and threes not with partner.|
|Ones keep going: pass the same person right shoulder and loop right to middle place. Lead to the bottom (bottoms cast up); two-hand turn half-way.|
|A2:||First man cast up to middle place, end ladies step forward; set in a wave. Man down: four changes of a hey for three, finishing with the ones passing left shoulder — 3rd lady move up on the last four beats, second lady loop left into bottom place.|
|Lady down, man up: heys for three across (lady starting right shoulder with 2nd man, man starting right shoulder with 3rd lady).|
|Ones keep going: pass the same person right shoulder and loop right to middle place. Lead to the top (tops cast); two-hand turn half-way. [Order is now 1, 3, 2.]|
|Note: All the heys and the ones' loop are danced with a skip-change step.|
|B1:||(3-time): Ones cast to middle place (6 steps); half figure eight down. All circle 6 left half-way; gipsy right with partner.|
|B2:||Ones stand still, twos and threes half double figure eight through them, tops casting and bottoms crossing up (12 steps). Ones lead to the top and acknowledge (all home); cast to the bottom as the threes lead up.|
Commissioned by Karen Millyard (on behalf of the Toronto English Country Dance Group) for Christine Robb when she got married and moved to Boston. I was told by the group and her husband Kim what she liked: complex dance, energetic, stepping, complicated or unusual heys, strong driving open circles, gipsies — and came up with this. The first part may seem rather Scottish, but the three-time second part establishes it as English — with even a hint of Pat Shaw's “Four Winds”.
The other dance I wrote for Christine is Christine's Conundrum — I don't know which of the two is harder!Ellen Taylor, 1977.
|A1:||Step right and honour partner; same left. Right-hand turn.|
|A2:||Promenade round to the left and back up to place.|
|B1:||Ones cross and cast below the twos who lead up. Ones half figure eight up through the twos.|
|B2:||Ones cross and cast below the threes who stay. Ones half figure eight up through the threes; threes lead up.|
|C1:||Grimstock hey: Tops (twos) down the middle, middles up the outside, etc.|
|C2:||All two-hand turn. Set and turn single.|
Ellen doesn't say when the twos and threes move up in B1 and B2 but I'm suggesting (contrary to my usual approach) that the threes delay their lead up, otherwise the ones won't have a gap to go through for their half figure eight.
|A1:||All set to partner; turn right and cast to invert the line (4 bars); right-hand turn partner half-way.|
|A2:||All that again.|
|B1:||First man hand partner down into cross heys, finishing with the ones home but improper.|
|B2:||All set; ones cast to bottom (8 steps) while others lead up. Others two-hand turn; ones half turn on last four counts.|
|A2:||Hey own sides.|
|B1:||Lines forward and back. Twos out to own right: right-hand star two places; all move round the set two more places (men 2, 3, 1, ladies 3, 1, 2). [Twos lead own-sex line home.]|
|B2:||Circle left (slip). Circle right.|
|It's a change partner dance.|
Written for his wife Maggie in memory of their honeymoon in 1993 near Fuschlsee.
|A1:||Ones cross, cast below twos who lead up. Ones half figure eight up, and end facing first corners (man facing the bottom lady, lady facing the top man).|
|A2:||Those four people dance a diagonal reel (right shoulder), and the ones do the final change right shoulder to finish improper in second place.|
|B1:||Ones set; cast to the bottom as the threes lead up. Ones half figure eight up through the threes.|
|B2:||Top two couples face down: Inverted Grimstock (mirror) hey.|
Skip-change step throughout. The style is more Scottish than English — and why not?
Written for Sue Downs. It must have done the trick — she married him a few years later! Published in Sussex Folk Harvest, 1991 — it won the competition that year.
|A1:||Top lady set right and left; top two ladies take hands and set. All three ladies take hands and set; all turn single upwards (ladies right, men left).|
|A2:||Bottom man set; bottom two men take hands and set. All three men take hands and set; all turn single downwards (men right, ladies left).|
|B1:||Top couple lead a promenade round to the left and back up the middle to place (12 steps); all turn single upwards, finish facing down (4 steps).|
|B2:||Bottom couple lead a promenade round to the right and back down the middle to place (12 steps); all turn single downwards (4 steps).|
|A1:||Top couple give two hands: 2 slips up, 2 down; top two couples same. All three couples same; all two-hand turn half-way.|
|A2:||Bottom couple slip down and up; bottom two couples same. All three couples same; all two-hand turn half-way.|
|B1:||Top couple lead between the middle couple to start a full Grimstock hey (12 steps); all turn single downwards (4 steps).|
|B2:||Bottom couple lead up between the middle couple to start another Grimstock hey (12 steps); all turn single upwards (4 steps).|
|A1:||Top couple give right hands: step forward and back; top two couples same. All three couples same; change places turning the lady under.|
|A2:||Bottom couple give right hands: step forward and back; bottom two couples same. All three couples same; change places turning the lady under.|
|Coda (if you are using the James Galway recording): Retaining hold with partner, men honour; ladies honour.|
|A1:||(10 bars): Ones cross and cast one place, twos lead up (6 steps); ones back-to-back (6 steps). Join hands in lines of three: fall back (3 steps), lead forward (3 steps). Ones to your own right (man up, lady down): half reels across with this couple (6 steps); ones to your right: half figure eight through the other couple (so the ones do an ellipse), finishing 2, 1, 3, all improper.|
|A2:||Twos the same — except that going to your right means man down, lady up — all finishing home.|
|B1:||(10 bars): At the top, first corners cross (first man, second lady) (3 steps), second corners cross; all circle left half-way. Top couple (threes) cross down into a mirror (Grimstock) hey, finishing 3, 1, 2 (12 steps). All two-hand turn (6 steps).|
|B2:||At the top, first corners cross (third man, first lady), second corners cross; all circle left half-way. Top couple (twos) cross down into a mirror hey, finishing 2, 3, 1. All two-hand turn.|
For Bernice and Ken Jackson on their Golden Wedding.
I think this is version 7 of the dance — I struggled to get it right. Trevor Monson tried out various versions and gave useful feedback, until we arrived at this. In A1, I recommend that you walk thought the half reel, stop, then walk through the half figure eight. Now warn the ones that the ends will still be moving as they start the half figure eight, and they need to go through the other couple, turn left and go round the same-sex person to finish where they started the reel. Now walk the two moves through together. In a Grimstock hey I always recommend that the dancers take their partner's hand at the end of the set.
The 1. cu. sett and cast off then sett and cast off 2. cu. . Then the same to their places again : The 1. Man whole figure with the 3. cu. and the Wo. with the 2. cu. . Then the 1. Man whole figure with the 2. cu. and the Wo. with the 3. cu. :
Then the 1. Man hands half round with the 3. cu. and the 1. Wo. hands half round with the 2. cu. : Then the 1. Wo. hands half round with the 3. cu. and the Man hands half round with the 2. cu. . The first Man hay with the 3. cu. and the 1. Wo. hays with th 2. cu. : Then the 1. Wo. hays with the 3. cu. and the Man hays with the 2. cu.
|A1:||Ones set; cast, twos lead up. Same, threes lead up.|
|A2:||Twos the same. [Order is now 3, 1, 2.]|
|B1:||First man down, lady up: figure eight through this couple.|
|B2:||Ones cross: figure eight through the other couple.|
|A3:||Ones cross and circle with this couple 1½ (12 steps) into lines across (ones in middle, ends improper); ones cross.|
|A4:||Same with other couple; ones cross left shoulder, turn left into:|
|B3:||Reels of three with this couple (pass left shoulder with opposite sex to start).|
|B4:||Ones cross: reel with the other couple.|
The standard interpretation of this dance is by Douglas & Helen Kennedy in the Country Dance Book New Series of 1929. The original instructions seem pretty clear, despite the underlined dots being the wrong way round in t he second half; the horizontal line is probably there to indicates that twice through the tune is once through the dance. The only oddity is that under the line there is a circle half, which would take four steps, and even with the ones then taking another four steps to cross to the other end there's still far too much music, so I agree with the Kennedys that the circle should be 1½.
The clever modification, which I believe was by Barbara Kinsman, is in A2 to have the twos repeat the ones' move from A1 rather than the ones having all the fun and casting up to the top again. This gives a reverse progression, so that it can be converted from triple minor to a 3-couple set dance without adding a final “and the ones lead to the bottom” which you get in other dances such as The Fandango. And it puts the ones in middle place, from which they lead the rest of the dance, rather than the awkward move to get into the first figure eight.
In the first circle 1½ the ones need to be firm with their neighbours, who really won't want to finish the first circle improper! 12 steps for the circle and four steps for the ones to cross is how the timing works, so please fit the moves to the music. And when the ones cross at the end of A4 it's vital that they cross left shoulder so that they turn left into the final reel, otherwise they will probably go the wrong way and finish improper.
|A1:||First couple quick right-hand turn; cast to second place (second couple lead up). All back-to-back right shoulder.|
|A2:||First couple left-hand turn; cast to bottom (third couple lead up). All back-to-back left shoulder.|
|B1:||Lines fall back; lead forward. Circle left half-way.|
|B2:||All that again. [All are now on original sides, first couple at the bottom.]|
|A3:||Face on the right diagonal: Top lady and bottom man cast left shoulder behind their own line and into each other's places while the others dance two changes of a circular hey with hands. All set and turn single.|
|A4:||The same dancers repeat the same movements to get back again.|
|B3/4:||The Grimsditch Hey: Upside-down Morris hey, each couple crossing at the bottom, and again to return to own side. [This means that the middle couple cross going down through the bottom couple, while the bottom couple cast up to middle place and then lead up through the top couple who cast down into middle place, and so on.]|
|Repeat twice more.|
Note from the book:
Miss Joyce Rumney, a long-standing member of the Stockton Heath Group, regularly invites fellow-members to dance at her home — Grimsditch Hall. This dance and tune were composed by Roy Hordley after one such visit.
Format: 3 couples longways.
Dance: Sue Downs, 1998. Music: 3 x The Balloon (Fallibroome 6)
|A1:||Up a double; set away and together (men left, ladies right). Full turn single away to finish facing up; fall back a double.|
|A2:||Down a double; set away and together (men right, ladies left). Full turn single away to finish facing down; fall back a double.|
|B1:||Ends two-hand turn half-way; top two couples circle left half-way. All circle left half-way to finish 3, 1, 2 with the ones improper.|
|B2:||“Magic Hey”: Full Grimstock (mirror) hey, but ones cross on final lead up to finish proper in middle place.|
|A1:||Into-line siding right shoulder to right, then turn to face partner; turn single left to place. Left-shoulder back-to-back.|
|A2:||Into-line siding left shoulder to left, then turn to face partner; turn single right to place. Right-shoulder back-to-back.|
|B1:||Ends two-hand turn half-way; top two couples circle left half-way. All circle left half-way.|
|B2:||“Magic Snake”: Ladies about turn into a Shetland reel, men following partners, top two couples pass right shoulder to start — middles cross at last moment to finish proper.|
|A1:||Right-hand turn partner half-way; men move down a double, ladies up. Fall back; finish the right-hand turn.|
|A2:||The same left.|
|B1:||Ends two-hand turn half-way; top two couples circle left half-way. All circle left half-way.|
|B2:||“Magic Star”: Middles to own left: Right-hand star with this couple. Cross right shoulder with partner into left-hand star with this couple, and all finish proper.|
I'm sure you've worked out that it's called “Invisible Mending” because the active couple are improper at the end of B1 and magically become proper at the end of the figure.
|A1:||First lady cast, first man wait three beats and follow; twos lead up, ones finishing improper in second place. Lines fall back, come forward; set in lines. All two-hand turn partner half-way (2 bars).|
|A2:||Top two men cross, face, back away; top two ladies the same. Circle 6 left all the way (6 bars).|
|B1:||Ones cross, face, back away; cast to middle place as the twos lead up and cast out. Ones lead down through the threes and cast up to place, followed by the twos. Ones cast to middle place while twos lead up to top place (2 bars).|
|B2:||Threes cross, face, back away; cast up to middle place as the ones lead down and cast out. Threes lead up through the twos and cast to place, followed by the ones. Threes cast up to middle place while ones lead down to bottom place (2 bars).|
First danced at Morland Village Hall on Friday 18th August 1989.
Janet Murphy is in her eighties, but is still amazingly alert and interested in everything. After doing my version of a Playford dance she's been known to say: “I've been dancing that for fifty years, but I really think your way is better.” I hope I'm as open-minded as that. Her husband Bill was a well-known folk dancer and a leading figure in the Morris revival. We displayed the dance on the final evening of the Morland Dance Week, and Janet was as taken aback as I've ever seen her!
All the crossings are what some people refer to as “Hole in the Wall” crossings (which I've heard referred to as “Well-Hall” crossings in the States).
|A1:||Top two couples circle left. Pass that same neighbour right shoulder to start half a straight hey on the side.|
|A2:||Bottom two couples (twos and ones) circle right. Pass that same neighbour left shoulder to start half a straight hey (home).|
|B1:||Ones and twos take nearer hand with partner and set to neighbour; twos move up the outside as ones move down, first man rolling his partner across to change places with her. Ones and threes the same, so that the ones finish at the bottom on their own side.|
|B2:||Take hands in lines of three and fall back a double; lead forward a double. All two-hand turn.|
Written for John Konvalinka, who bought the dance at the Pinewoods auction during English Week 2000. John asked for a three-couple dance, smooth and flowing, which would be suitable for beginners but enjoyable by experienced dancers. My first version proved far too complicated, but I managed to simplify it and call it on the final afternoon of the camp.
John suggested the title (possibly his reaction to topping the bidding for a dance and tune which hadn't even been written), and this gave me the rhythm of the first bar of the tune, its Scotch snap setting me off on a tune and dance which have something of a Scottish flavour.
|A1:||Twos set to partner; set on the left diagonal. Two-hand turn this person.|
|A2:||Twos set to partner; set on the right diagonal. Two-hand turn this person.|
|B1:||Twos cast right shoulder, man finish above top couple, lady below bottom couple. Right-hand stars half-way; twos left-hand turn, all finish improper.|
|B2:||Twos again cast right shoulder (man down, lady up). Right-hand star half-way; twos left-hand turn, all finish home.|
|A3:||Twos pass through left shoulder, the others about turn; lines set right and left moving out. Circle left in these threes half-way round and move in to face partner.|
|A4:||Twos give right hands: half figure eight down through the bottom couple. All back-to-back with partner.|
|C3:||Second man up, lady down: Circle left with this couple until the twos are improper. Twos swap circles, continue circling left until the twos are home.|
|C4:||Three changes of a circular hey with hands at the bottom (4 steps each); all turn single.|
|A1:||(12 bars): Middle man down, lady up: Half hey across with this couple, then actives quick right-hand turn half-way to take their partner's place in the other half of the other hey — finish with actives improper (8 bars, skip-change step). Actives cross right shoulder; loop right one place, man finishing in top place on the men's side, lady in bottom place on the ladies side while first man and third lady move right into middle place (4 bars).|
|A2:||New middles repeat, all finishing in original place.|
|B1:||(12 bars): Middles left-hand turn half-way; cross giving right hands on the right diagonal (all diagonal crosses are with same sex). Cross left hand on the left diagonal; cross right hand on the right diagonal, finishing 3, 2 improper, 1. Circle 6 left half-way, finishing 1 improper, 2, 3 improper, in lines well apart.|
|B2:||Lines forward and back. Ones cross and cast; twos lead up. Threes cross and cast up; ones lead to the bottom.|
|Standard progression. Repeat the dance twice more.|
The dance and tune were bought by David Macemon and Cynthia Stenger at the auction at Mendocino English Week 1998, for their son Jonathan Macemon. They suggested the title, and since Jonathan was very young at the time I started the tune with a quote from the children's song “Here we go round the mulberry bush”.
|A1:||Ones cross and cast; twos move up. Ones half figure eight down through the threes and finish wide of the set facing up.|
|A2:||Grimstock hey, started by the twos moving down the middle while the ones continue up the outside.|
|B1:||First man down, first lady up: back-to-back with first corners. Man up, lady down: left-shoulder back-to-back with second corners.|
|B2:||First man cross with third lady; first lady cross with third man. Same four single file clockwise half-way; ones cast, threes move up.|
Written for Liz Hope, who has been a mover and a shaker for Folk Music and Dance in Staffordshire as long as I've known her. For 20 years she ran the Stafford Music Day which introduced many musicians to the joys (and skills) of playing for dancing under the tutelage of a host of expert musicians. Musicians from all over the country attended, so the day became oversubscribed, and rather than turn people away she started running two Music Days a year. In 2020 Liz asked me to write a no-contact dance. At first I wasn't willing, but it was Liz's Hope that this might encourage people back to dancing after the Covid pandemic. I came up with this, and it was first called by Brian Stanton at the Mercian Folk Callers' Forum in 2022, with music from Vic Smith. This organisation is a successor to the Stafford Callers' Forum which Liz ran for several years, so that was very appropriate. Liz booked me to run the November Forum, which involved talking about various aspects of calling and dancing, including plenty of questions and discussion (that's why it's called a Forum rather than a Workshop), and with a chance for everyone to call a dance and get immediate feedback from me and everyone else. On this occasion I sent out the instructions for 52 dances with names and other identification removed, just whether the music was a reel, jig, waltz etc. This provoked a lot of interest before the event, and many of the callers were practising at their local clubs saying something like “This is Colin's mystery dance number 6 for 3 couples”. Brian is the Chairman of Mercian Folk so naturally I put him on the spot first, and he made an excellent job of the dance. He said that he thought the back-to-back with the second corners would work better left shoulder, though he called the dance as specified, and I think he's probably right so I've now made that change.Ellen Taylor, 1976. Music: Traditional English
|A:||Grimstock hey, and one more change.|
|B:||Bottom two couples circle left (slip-step). Circle right.|
|C:||All promenade round to the left (skip-change step).|
|D:||Right-hand star at the top. Same four left-hand star.|
|E:||“Sausages:” Ones go individually right, through this couple, turn left, through the other couple, turn left, back to where you started (skip-change step).|
|F:||At the top, four changes of a circular hey with hands, then ones down the outside to the bottom.|
The dance was composed in honour of the Lincoln F. D. Club's 75th anniversary in 1977.
All the figures are 'poached' from other dances, and the 'B' music is 'poached' from neighbouring Yorkshire.
The dance subsequently came first in the competition organized by the Lincoln Group.
The second tune is “The Huntsman's Chorus”. An ABC search engine finds over a hundred versions of this on the web, but they all seem to be the tune used by Carl Maria von Weber in 1821 in his opera “Der Freischutz”, though according to the Village Music Project this originally came from a manuscript byThomas Sands in1810 — from Lincolnshire! But I certainly recognise bits of Ellen's tune — “tantivy, tantivy, tantivy” in the C-music and “A hunting we will go” in the E-music (which is the same as the F-music). So play the original 16-bar tune through three times for the first turn of the dance, and the second tune through twice for the second and third turns of the dance.
See my page of Dances by Ellen Taylor to read about the national success of this dance.
|A1:||(12 bars): Ones two-hand turn (6 steps); cast to middle. Two-hand turn first corner (shadow) ¾ to lines of three across; circle 6 left half-way. Leaders (3rd man, second lady, on the left-hand ends of the lines) tight cast left into half reels of three across, and at the end the ones keep moving into middle place. [3, 1, 2]|
|A2:||Threes at the top do the same. [2, 3, 1]|
|B1:||(12 bars): Bottom couple (ones) lead up into half figure eight through the tops, then face up, middle couple (threes) move down and face partner. Grand chain 4 hands. [3, 2 improper, 1] Middle couple (twos) lead up (the way they're facing) and cast back while end couples set and Hole-in-the-Wall cross. [3, 2, 1, all improper]|
|B2:||Top couple (threes) lead down into half figure eight through the bottom couple then face down, middle couple (twos) move up and face partner. Grand chain 4 hands (so both grand chains are in the normal direction). [3 improper, 1, 2 improper] Middle couple (ones) lead down (the way they're facing) and cast back while end couples set and Hole-in-the-Wall cross. [3, 1, 2]|
Written for the band “Masquerade”, and first performed with them at Broadstairs Folk Week in 2004. Masquerade is Daphne Baker on piano, Graham Knibbs on violin and Stephen Thomas on double bass. I'd already called with Daphne in England and Holland so I knew she was very good, and when she told me that she had formed a new band called “Masquerade” consisting of three classical musicians I knew I was in for something exceptional, so I wrote a tune that I would hesitate to give to many folk musicians, complete with some interesting bass notes for Stephen. They played it superbly. Some time later they played at a concert for classical musicians and included this tune to show the audience the sort of things they played for dancing, and it was the hit of the evening. No, it's not a waltz — it's slower than that. I've provided versions of the music in both 3:4 and 3:2 time. Ian Jones (accordionist with Cumbrian Gap) said, “ I have a way of playing 3/2 tunes which seems to work and comes automatically when I see that time signature. Also the more spacious appearance of 3/2 enables the players to 'feel' what you want more readily.” But Daphne Baker finds the 3:2 version a “forest of crotchets” (quarter notes) and the ties in the 3:4 version more readable. The choice is yours.
I was at a workshop at Cecil Sharp House in 2006 where they were playing for Philippe Callens, and at least three people came up to me and said, “Do you know this band? I've never heard of them. Aren't they good!” So my prediction that Masquerade would soon become better known was fulfilled. In August 2007 they released a CD of my tunes, including “Masquerade”, which sold well (it's now sold out but you can buy a downloadable set of MP3 files) and received general approval. Read more about Masquerade here.
November 2007: Originally at the start of B1 I had the threes waiting for two bars and then leading down, but it seems better to get them out of the way immediately — and the same for the twos in B2.Ellen Taylor, 1996.
|A:||(16 bars) 1st couple set; cross and cast to middle (2nd couple move up). 1st couple gate down through 3rd couple.|
|1st couple half figure 8 down through 3rd couple. 1st couple gate up through 2nd couple.|
|B:||(16 bars) 1st couple go right (man down, lady up): hey for three with this couple.|
|Change ends: hey for three with the other couple.|
|C:||(16 bars) Right-hand star at the bottom. Left-hand star at the top.|
|Dance three changes of a circular hey at the bottom. All two-hand turn.|
|A:||(8 bars, 6 beats to the bar): First woman set smoothly right and left to second man (6 beats), who follows her as she casts and they finish outside third and second women who turn around to their right on the last two beats (6 steps) as the first man moves down — the set is now across the hall. They circle left half-way with the two women (6 steps), releasing hands and turning individually left to circle right half-way with the two men (6 steps).|
|First woman set left and right to third man, who follows her as she casts and they finish improper below the bottom pair (1M 2W) who turn around to their left on the last two beats as the second man moves in — the set is once more up and down the hall. They circle right half-way at the bottom, release hands to circle left half-way at the top.|
|B1:||(8 bars, 4 beats to the bar): First woman lead third man down the set, the others move up the outside and follow them, then wheel to the right and lead up to finish in the set's original space, in the order 1W 3M (improper), 2M 3W, 1M 2W (16 steps).|
|Tops cross down into mirror hey, all finishing proper (16 steps).|
|B2:||(8 bars): 1W change places left shoulder with middle (3rd) woman (4 steps), acknowledging her; right shoulder with bottom (2nd) woman, to 3 2 1 all proper. All two-hand turn partner (8 steps).|
|Ones lead up to top and acknowledge partner. Ones cast to middle place; middles (threes) lead up.|
|Progressed position: 3 1 2. Repeat the dance twice more.|
Dave Marcus, concertina player from Atlanta, Georgia, wrote a beautiful and unusual tune for our mutual friend Sharon Green, and asked me to write a dance to it. When I first visited Sharon and David Green they were living at the General Theological Seminary in New York City, an amazing oasis in the concrete jungle, and their house was called The Greenery. After David retired they moved back to California, and their house is called The Greenery West.
The first woman is totally in charge of this dance, never stops moving, invites other people into the Greenery and shows them round. That's Sharon all over! Perhaps belatedly she returns to her partner and shows him off to the others.
You can learn more about Dave Marcus at reelplayband.com and you can hear Reelplay (Dave and Robbin Marcus) playing the tune at www.reelplayband.com/ the-mistress-of-the-greenery.html
After I'd tried this out I decided it was too confusing for the average dancer, and Sharon would then have to write an easier dance (as she did for “Star of David”) if she wanted more people to enjoy dancing to this beautiful tune. So I came up with another version. Consider the above the workshop version; here's the version for an evening dance:
|A:||(8 bars, 6 beats to the bar): Ones cast to the bottom (6 steps), Hole in the Wall cross (6 steps); at the bottom circle left half-way (6 steps), ones release hands and turn individually left (the man slightly, the woman more) to circle right at the top half-way (6 steps).|
|Threes cast up to the top, Hole in the Wall cross; at the top circle left half-way, threes release hands and turn individually left to circle right half-way at bottom (Home).|
|B1:||(8 bars, 4 beats to the bar): Ones lead down the set, the others move up the outside and follow them, then cast up to place (16 steps).|
|Ones lead down into a mirror hey (16 steps).|
|B2:||Ones through the twos: handy-hand turn 1½ to change places (8 steps); threes through the ones: same. Lines of three fall back (4 steps), lead forward (4 steps); all two-hand turn partner (8 steps).|
|Progressed position: 2 3 1. Repeat the dance twice more.|
As you can see, I've retained many of the moves but removed the quirkiness — take your choice!
|A1:||Up a double and back. Two-hand turn partner.|
|A2:||All that again.|
|B1/2:Second couple face left and do six changes of a circular hey (with hands) all round the set, while first and third couples do four changes in a square when they can — and therefore each get two rests: Twos R, all L across, twos R, twos L, all R across, twos L (12 bars: 4 steps each). Fall back in lines; lead forward.|
|A1:||Siding with partner. Two-hand turn.|
|A2:||All that again.|
|B1:||Circle six left half-way. Right-hand turn partner half-way; turn single left.|
|B2:||Back-to-back partner. Twos face up: Half a Grimstock hey to return to place: threes (at the top) lead through the twos, ones through the threes, twos through the ones.|
|A1:||Arming. Two-hand turn.|
|A2:||All that again.|
|B1/2:||Threes face up with a single-handed arch, ones cast and lead down through the arch, twos lead up and follow. Ones cast up to top and make an arch facing down; threes lead up as twos turn single up at the bottom. Threes lead up through the ones' arch followed by twos, and cast to place (12 bars for all of this). All turn single downwards (men right, ladies left); all step and honour partner.|
The changes in the first figure work as follows:
|A1:||Ones cross giving right hand; cast to second place as twos move up. Ones cross giving left hand while others two-hand turn half-way; ones cast to bottom, twos set to partner, threes move up.|
|A2:||Ones face up, the others face down: dip and dive hey, arching in the middle.|
|B:||(16 bars): Ones lead up to face tops, middles move down the outside and face partner; all clap together, right, together, left. Two-hand turn 1½ or ballroom hold swing to change places.|
|At the top, two changes of a circular hey (with hands) while bottom couple back-to-back. Ones cross right hand and cast to bottom while bottoms set and lead up while tops set and turn single.|
O. Macnamara's Maggot is a small tribute to Olive, to whom I have always sent my dances and who so kindly teaches them at her Country Dance Courses.
|A1:||All left-hand turn partner. First man third lady right-hand turn, keep hold and give left to partner in a diagonal wave.|
|A2:||Those four kick-balance right and left twice. Middle two do-si-do the spare person in front of them, and fall back to place.|
|B1:||All right-hand turn partner. First lady third man left-hand turn, keep hold and give right to partner in a diagonal wave.|
|B2:||Kick-balance twice. Middle two do-si-do the spare person in front of them, and fall back to place.|
|C1:||Right-hand star at the top. Left-hand star at the bottom.|
|C2:||Half poussette at the top: first man push, second man pull. Half poussette at the bottom: first man pull, third man push.|
Written for the 21st anniversary of the Square Club in the Cheltenham/Gloucester area.
The ones are the couple with their backs to the presence at the start of the dance.
|A1:||Circle left (slip-step). Men cast left shoulder, behind partner to the next place round on the right.|
|A2:||Circle right until the ladies are home. Ladies cast right shoulder, behind current partner to the next place round on the left.|
|B1:||Ones set to (original) partner, moving forward to the centre of side lines of 3 (without hands); all clap: together, right with opposite, together, left with opposite. As they fall back, the right-hand people of each line lead the same move, setting to their original partner.|
|B2:||As they fall back, the new right-hand people lead the same move. They fall back into a circle; all clap with new partner: together, together, both. The new ones are the couple with their backs to the presence.|
|A1:||Side right. Men cast left shoulder to meet original partner.|
|A2:||Side left. Ladies cast right shoulder to meet another new partner.|
|B1/2:||As before, led by those new ones.|
|Arm right, etc.|
A very useful tip is that although everyone does the triple clapping figure in different directions and from different positions each time, it's always with the same people in the same order.
Written for Rebecca Longhurst. I called this at Becky's 21st Birthday Dance in 2011 and made a complete mess of the walkthrough — I'd tried to fit the instructions onto one card, and when I wrote the card I understood it, but when I started the walkthrough I realised I didn't. Fortunately Bob was dancing with Becky in the top set and they kept putting me right; if necessary I would have danced with Becky and got Bob to do the calling.
Bob Lilley is a retired trainer of silicon chips. He's been calling since 1981 and writing the odd dance (some of them odder than others) since 1986. He's a resident caller at the Linsleighders' FDC in Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, and a regular guest caller at various other clubs in the area. His best-known dance is The Fast Packet.
Rebecca Longhurst (Bex or Becky), comes from Bob's neighbouring village of Pitstone. Introduced to country dancing at the age of 17, she took to it like a duck to water, and she and David now dance all over the place. In 2013 they were married, so she is now Becky Capron, and the tune for this dance, arranged for organ by Chris Dewhurst, was the recessional music at the wedding service. She and David are also up-and-coming dance callers.
Bex has been active in the Girl Guide movement, and the figures in “Progress” were inspired partly by the trefoil badge.
Format: 3 couples longways.
Dance: Francis Carter, 1995. Music: 3 x 40 bars St Giles's Pound (Fallibroome 4)
|A1:||Ones cross right shoulder; cast to middle place. Cross right shoulder, turn left, go round one person and face first corner — man facing across to bottom lady, lady facing across to top man.|
|A2:||Reels of three across the set (pass first corner right shoulder to start), and ones continue the move to finish improper in second place.|
|B1:||Ones set; cast to the bottom (threes stand still). Half figure eight up; threes lead up to middle place.|
|B2:||Rights and lefts for six: All cross giving right hands; those in first lady's and third man's place cross giving left hands, the others cross with neighbour giving left hands. The same from new places.|
|B2:||The same from new places. All set and turn single.|
The dance won second prize in the Dance Search '95 competition run by the Beckenham and Croydon Folk Dance Group. It was published in CDSS News the same year, with the spelling changed from “Response” to “Responce”. The “Rights and lefts for six” figure comes from Scottish Country Dancing.
|A:||Ones cast (twos move up straight away); right-hand turn first corner just over half-way to a diagonal wave of four with the corners in the middle — from the top: first lady, second man, third lady, first man. Middles left-hand turn half-way; set in the wave.|
|B:||The other two people step forward to make same-sex right-hand stars and start to turn them, then the ones move up or down their own line and the others follow to finish with the men home and the ladies in the order 2, 3, 1. All back-to-back opposite (shadow).|
|C:||Ones (on a long diagonal) set to each other; cast left shoulder to middle place on own side: 2, 1, 3. Join hands and set in lines; cross right shoulder with partner and turn right.|
|D:||Circle left half-way. Two-hand turn partner.|
|Progressed position is 3, 1, 2.|
Written for Ruth Allmayer, and first danced at Sigmaringen in Germany in March 2006, with music played by Folkus Pocus.
Ruth booked me with Folkus Pocus for a similar weekend in 2004. Before that, English dancing in that region had meant Alan Davies (with a safe band), and Ruth wanted to show people that different callers put a very different slant on things. (Antony Heywood has since pointed out that he has also run courses in that area.) In addition to Playford-style I gave them American Squares and Contras, Scottish, English Traditional and some of my own dances. They coped with everything I threw at them, and of course were delighted with the music, and Dan, Caroline, Renata and I thoroughly enjoyed ourselves. When Ruth booked me for a second weekend I said to Renata “I'm going to write a dance for Ruth — should it be stately or bouncy?” “Bouncy”, she said, which was what I had already thought, so here it is. Some Playford-style bands would not be too happy with the tune, but I knew Dan and Caroline would be in their element. After she had danced it to my calling, Ruth then called it (without looking at the instructions) while I danced it — a brave woman!
Ruth has called with Alan Davies for several Dance Weeks at Halsway Manor with a mixture of dancers from England and Germany. Since our first weekend in Germany she has danced at Pinewoods for two weeks (including participating in a callers course) and called at Sidmouth, and is becoming better known as a caller. In 2007 she was again booked for Sidmouth, where she called this dance (and another six of mine!), and in 2008 she was booked for Eastbourne but could not appear because of illness, so I took over her programme. She appeared in 2009 and did a really good job.
|A:||Right-hand ends (on the long left diagonal) cast to middle place, middles turn single right into their place; all right-hand turn opposite half-way. All that again.|
|B:||All that again — final turn is with partner. Circle left half-way (“safe home”); balance the ring in and out.|
|C:||Grimstock hey (mirror hey with ones leading down through twos to start — 6 bars); all turn single upwards.|
|D:||Ones cross and cast to middle place, middles lead up; ones cross and cast to bottom place, threes lead up. All two-hand turn.|
Jane wrote this song when her husband was off on a sailing trip alone, picturing him on deck in a quiet cove, and looking forward to when he would be safe home with her again.
Some dancers find the casts and turns in the A section challenging because, more quickly than they expect, they find themselves in a new position with a new role — casting, turning, or (just as important) waiting. A useful clue is that if you're waiting before the right-hand turn, you'll be casting next time.
Peggy Roe began attending English Country Dances in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in about 2002. She wrote her first dance in 2010 and realised that if she wanted anyone to dance it, she would need to learn to call. With encouragement and advice from her mentor, June Harman, and a lot of support from local musicians, dancers and other callers, she has been calling and indulging the urge to choreograph ever since. Her first book of dances, “Diagonally”, was published in 2016. Jane Slemon is also from Vancouver.Twos Improper.
|A1:||1st & 2nd men (1st corners) gipsy right. Move clockwise behind partner to change places with each other.|
|Both couples back-to-back with new partner. Two-hand turn.|
|A2:||1st & 2nd women (2nd corners) gipsy left. Move anticlockwise behind new partner to change places with each other.|
|Both couples back-to-back with own partner. Two-hand turn.|
|B1:||3rd couple gipsy right. Lead up between next couple and cast back to place.|
|Back-to-back with partner. Two-hand turn.|
|B2:||All circle left half-way (slipping). Set to partner; two-hand turn half-way.|
|Grimstock hey (top couple move inside middle couple and outside bottom couple, etc., all moving).|
The music is 4 steps to the bar, so there's twice as much time as might be suggested by the instructions.
|A1:||First man and third lady pass your partner right shoulder, and dance round the outside to each other's place. (Their partners do not move!) Those who can, set on the right diagonal; cross over passing right shoulder and face in.|
|A2:||First lady third man pass your opposite left shoulder, and dance round the outside to each other's place. Those who can, set on the left diagonal; cross over passing right shoulder again, and stay facing out.|
|B1:||Lines of three lead away four steps; ends move in and circle left half-way in those threes. Lead back; cross right with new partner and turn right. [This means that one end person in each line turns the long way, but it flows much better into the reel.]|
|B2:||Reels of three on the side, the top two people on the men's side and the bottom two people on the ladies' side starting right shoulder (6 bars); middles right-hand turn half-way to own side.|
Progressed position is Men: 2, 3, 1; Ladies: 3, 1, 2. Repeat the dance twice more.
No particular reason for the dance or title — it just seemed a sweet little tune. In fact I prefer strawberries and ice-cream, but somehow that doesn't sound right.Twos Improper
|A:||All circle left half-way — stay in the circle formation. Balance in and out; men roll the left-hand woman across to change places with her as men balance back left and forward left.|
|B:||Lines fall back two waltz steps from partner; lead forward. All back-to-back partner.|
|C:||All face up, cast from the top and lead up the middle back to these places.|
|D:||(4 bars): All two-hand turn partner. Progression: 2, 3i, 1.|
I knew that at the Family Folk Week at Halsway Manor in 2021 Charlotte Grumball was planning to teach a recorder group, so I asked her if she would like me to call a dance which they could play for on the final evening. She said she had a lovely four-part arrangement by Dave Townsend (in his Village Band Book volume 2, adapted for recorders) of the (probably traditional) tune “The Sun from the East” which you can read about at tunearch.org/wiki/Sun_from_the_East_(The) so I wrote this dance to go with it. The tune is a 28-bar waltz and there's no repetition, so I didn't want a dance where one set of people did something to one line and another set did the same thing to the next line — it needed to be different all the way — and easy. See if you think I've succeeded. You need to tell people to use up the whole 8 bars of the C-music: 4 waltz steps to cast well down and then 4 to lead up.
If you don't have live music you can use a recording of Heidenröslein except that that goes through 4 times. Or you can click on the treble clef button next to the title and then use my Multi-Play option to produce an MP3 of the tune three times through.
|A:||Ones lead up a double; wheel around. Lead down; handy-hand turn twos half-way (first man second lady left, first lady second man right).|
|B:||Grimstock hey: Ones in middle place start by moving down the outside as the threes lead up the middle.|
|C:||Bottom two couples circle left. Pick up the top couple and circle left half-way, finishing 3 improper, 1, 2 improper.|
|D:||First long corners cross right (third lady, second man); their partners cross right. Those four cast back to the other end (first corners going outside) while the ones gipsy right.|
|Coda: (4 bars): All step right and honour partner; left.|
Reverse progression. It's easy for the first corners in D to get to their places too soon — try to make eye-contact with your partner and both cast at the same time.
Notes to musicians: This should be smooth and flowing, not all played at exactly the same tempo. In the accompaniment please avoid the “oom-cha” — that's why I've only written one chord symbol per bar — go for arpeggios and subtlety! I was lucky enough to have Chris Oxtoby and Judith Robertson of “Sound Company” playing for the session where I tried this dance out, and Chris — excellent accordionist though she is — said she found it very difficult playing all those bass notes which don't fit the chords. But I meant every one of them! She also said she hoped I'd soon get all the romantic stuff out of my system and write some straightforward jigs and reels.
|A1:||All lead up a double and back. Top couple cast to middle place, middle couple lead up to top place; bottom couple cast up to middle place, middle couple lead down to bottom place.|
|A2:||All lead down a double and back. Bottom couple cast up to middle place, middle couple lead down to bottom place; top couple cast to middle place, middle couple lead up to top place. [Home]|
|B:||Bottom two couples circle left half-way; open into a line of four facing up and fall back while top couple two-hand turn all the way. The line of four make an arch at each end and lead up, the top couple go down under one arch each, bend the line to reform the longways set.|
|C:||The same from new positions. [Home, ones and threes improper.]|
|D:||Join hands in lines and take one step back, then cross over right shoulder and turn right to face in. Circle left four places (until the middle man is at the top on his own side).|
|E:||New middle man down, lady up: right-hand star with this couple, middles finishing on original side facing new partner. All two-hand turn new partner.|
|As before, but siding into line right shoulder at the start of A1 and left shoulder at the start of A2.|
|As before, but arming right in A1 and left in A2.|
|Coda: (having finished with two-hand turn original partner): Step right and honour partner; step left and honour.|
The dance was published by Cotswold Music in the Hunter's Moon collection in 1987, with an LP recording by Wild Thyme (later available on cassette) and is now on the Spring Blossom CD by Dampier's Round. Originally I had the top couple standing still at the start of B and C but I noticed people doing a set and turn single, and when I asked them why they said it was the only point in the whole dance where anyone stood still. I could see the force of this argument, but if the bottom two couples are circling and opening up into a line it seems more logical to me that the top couple should do a two-hand turn and open up into a line. If you do it, make sure you turn all the way — particularly in C where you start and finish the turn improper.
|A1:||Circle left. Circle right.|
|B1:||Grimstock hey (mirror reels), taking partner's hand when possible (6 bars); ones and threes set to each other.|
|A2:||Ones and threes double figure eight round the twos: ones cross down, threes move up the outside to begin.|
|B2:||Twos followed by ones lead down through threes and cast up, twos finishing at the top. Ones followed by threes lead up through twos and cast, ones finishing at the bottom.|
In 2018 I was contacted by Carol Cameron who wanted me to give her lessons on writing a Scottish dance — a Strathspey — to give to her parents as a Christmas present. She admitted she had no idea what she was doing, and her first attempt was very static and had no progression. I sent her off to www.scottish-country-dancing-dictionary.com/dance-cribs.html which has instructions for thousands of Scottish dances, many with accompanying videos, and her second version was totally different and much better, though it still didn't work! I made some suggestions: some she followed; others she understood but chose to solve the problem another way, so it really is her dance not mine, which is what I wanted. I suggested another couple of tweaks and here is the result. I think it would make a good dance for teaching the Strathspey step, both travelling and setting — it's certainly a lot better than my first dance! She wanted it to the tune “Comin' thro' the Rye” which makes a good Strathspey but is only 8 bars long, so I wrote a B-music to it — you need to play the whole tune 6 times through for the 3 turns of the dance. Then she asked for a CD so that they could do the dance, and with the aid of my computer I managed that too. In fact you can Click here for a version which will play 6 times through, with starting and ending chords. Her parents were delighted with the dance. Carol writes:
My parents are Sheila and Charles Auld; they have been married for 62 years. They have 4 daughters, Sheila, Rhoda, Carol and Hazel. We had an amazing childhood; both of them worked and had their own mini-cab business in Brechin for over 20 years. They have been retired for 20 years and have enjoyed it to the full. They have a love for Hill walking, Scottish Country Dancing and my dad and I play a lot of golf together. Their greatest love is their family, 10 grandchildren and 6 great grandchildren.
This dance was a tribute to my parents and how they have always been there for us.
And if you'd like my best effort to follow official RSCDS standards of notating dances, here it is:
Auld Teaghlaigh Gradh
32-bar Strathspey for 3 couples in a 3-couple set
Music: Comin' thro' the Rye
1-8 1st, 2nd and 3rd couples dance six hands round and back.
9-14 1st, 2nd and 3rd couples dance mirror reels of three on the sides, 1st couple dancing in and down between the 2nd to begin, holding partner's hand when possible.
15-16 1st and 3rd couples face up and down, and set to each other.
17-24 1st and 3rd couples dance a double figure of eight round 2nd couple. To begin, 1st couple cross down while 3rd couple move up the outside.
24-28 2nd couple followed by 1st couple lead down through 3rd couple and cast up, 2nd couple finishing in first place.
29-32 1st couple followed by 3rd couple lead up through 2nd couple and cast, 1st couple finishing in third place.
Repeat from new positions.
Devised by Carol Cameron, 2018.
B-music for “Comin' thro' the Rye” composed by Colin Hume, 2018.
|A1/2:||Ladies dance a partial sheepskin hey: first lady leads the other two ladies above the first man and weaves between the men and round the bottom man — when the third lady reaches the middle man she goes all the way round him and takes the lead, weaving up round the top man and so on — when the second lady takes the lead they dance behind the bottom man and up to finish in the order 2-3-1.|
|B1/2:||Men the same.|
|C1:||Right-hand star at the top. Left-hand star at the bottom.|
|C2:||Parallel reels, starting right shoulder at the top.|
The sheepskin hey comes from “Picking of Sticks” (which Cecil Sharp renamed “Picking up Sticks”) published by John Playford in the Dancing Master first edition, 1651. Rod has cleverly cut it down and put it into a Scottish dance — though there's nothing here that English dancers would have trouble with except the sheepskin hey! Click the image on the left to see it being danced beautifully in Johnsonville, Australia in 2015.
Rod has written many Scottish dances which can be found at homepages.mcs.vuw.ac.nz/ ~downey/dances.html — including this one described in much more detail here. He is a Professor of Mathematics in New Zealand and also a Scottish Country Dance teacher. He learnt the sheepskin hey while dancing with the Capriol Society for Early Dance in Cambridge, England.
For another dance with a partial sheepskin hey, see Angelique on this page.Ellen Taylor, 1981.
|A1:||1st couple cast to the middle (8 steps). Two-hand turn 1¼ to face first corner on right diagonal.|
|B1:||Starting left shoulder with corner, straight hey for 4 on this diagonal.|
|A2:||1st coupld lead down through 3rd couple and cast back to middle. Two-hand turn to face second corner on left diagonal.|
|B2:||Starting left shoulder with corner, straight hey for 4 on this diagonal.|
|C1:||1st couple lead up through 2nd couple, cast to bottom (3s move up). Two-hand turn.|
|C2:||All face down, 1st couple followed by others castup to top and cast down again to progressed paces.|
Repeat twice more.